http://customs.gov.ph/faqs.php 에 나와있는 필리핀 관세청 답변입니다.
Chapter IV: Motor Vehicles, Boats & Yachts 자동차, 보트 와 요트
1.CAN ANYONE BRING IN A MOTOR VEHICLE? 자동차를 아무나 가지고 올 수 있습니까?
Yes, provided that the motor vehicle is brand new.
예, 신차는 가능합니다. 아레 부분은 신차 규정근거입니다. 뭐 다른것도 있네요
Under Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Circular 92, Series of 1995, dated October 15, 1995,
the importation of a brand-new motor vehicle of all types, including motorcycles has been liberalized and would no longer thus require prior authority to import.
2.WHEN IS A MOTOR VEHICLE BRAND NEW? 신차의 기간은 언제인가요?
A motor vehicle is brand new if and only if the following criteria are satisfied: 신차는 다음조건을 만족하여야 합니다.
a.That the motor vehicle is of current or advance year model;
금년 또는 신년 모델의 차량
b.It has never been registered or used;
등록되거나 사용된 적이 없는 차량
c.It is covered by a certificate of first ownership;
첫소유자로 등록되어 있어야 됨
d.Of the year of the immediate preceding year in the country of origin and/or manufacture provided that:
수출국 또는 수출회사는 최근년의 년중 다음의 사항을 제공해야 한다.
1.The motor vehicle has a mileage of not more than 50 kilometers and; 차량이 50KM 이하 운행 된 운행기록
2.The motor vehicle has been acquired by the importer from the dealer as first owner. 차량 딜러로 부터 처음 소유자라는 증명
3.HOW ABOUT MOTOR VEHICLES NOT OF CURRENT OR ADVANCE YEAR MODEL?
금년 또는 신년 차량이 아닌것은 어떻게 처리되나요
They shall be processed as in used motor vehicle.
그런 차량은 중고차량으로 처리됩니다.
4.WHAT ABOUT USED MOTOR VEHICLES?
Only qualified individuals (오직 사적목적으로)may bring in a used motor vehicle which shall be duly covered by a prior authority to import. Under appendix 1-D of BSP Circular-Letter, Series of 1995, dated October 19, 1995, the importation of used vehicles continue to be regulated and would therefore require prior authority from the Bureau of Import Services (BIS), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).
5.WHO IS QUALIFIED TO IMPORT USED MOTOR VEHICLES?
중고차 수입자격은 어떻게 부여되나요?
Under Executive Order No. 284 as implemented by BIS, in relation to BSP Circular-Letter, Series of 1995, dated October 19, 1995, the following individuals maybe allowed to bring in used motor vehicles:
1.A returning Filipino or a former Filipino citizen who has stayed abroad for more than a year;
일년이상 해외에 거주한 필리핀 시민권을 가진 일반인 또는 귀국 필리핀 사람
2.An immigrant to the Philippines
(shall be at least a holder of a 13G Visa duly issued by the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation).
최근에 정식 13G 비자를 소유한자
Provided further that: 추가사항
1.Only one (1) unit motor vehicle per family is allowed to be brought in. (A motorcycle is considered a motor vehicle for this purpose).
오직 한 가정에 한대의 차량만을 허용한다.
2.The vehicle is registered in his name for at least six (6) months prior to shipment to the Philippines;
필리핀으로 선적전 6개월 전에 소유자 명으로 등록되어야 한다.
3.Proof can be presented that the vehicle was acquired out of the earnings abroad.
해외에서 벌어서 취득했다라는 증명이 있어야 한다.
6.IS PERSONAL PRESENCE OF THE CAR-OWNER NECESSARY?
차량 소유자의 개인적 증명이 필요 한가요?
Personal presence by the car-owner of the used motor vehicle is required.
7.IS THERE ANY OTHER RESTRICTION ON THE MOTOR VEHICLE THAT MAY BE BROUGHT IN?
차량 수입시 다른 규제 사항이 있습니까?
Yes. Whether brand-new or not, the motor vehicle should be left-hand drive.
예 신차던 중고차던 모두 왼쪽 운전석 이어야 합니다.
8.IS THE IMPORTED VEHICLE SUBJECT TO TAXES AND DUTIES?
수입차량에 대한 관세 부가세 항목이 있나요?
Yes. Whether brand-new or used, purchased or donated, the imported vehicle is subject to 40% Customs duty, 10% VAT and Ad Valorem Tax from 15% to 100% depending on its piston displacement. Its book value serves as the tax base and not the purchase price nor the acquisition cost. The book value is sourced from universally accepted motor vehicle reference books such as the Red Book, Blue Book, World Book depending on the origin of the imported vehicle.
9.ARE SPARE PARTS SENT WITH THE MOTOR VEHICLE ALSO TAXABLE?
자동차 부품도 세금이 있나요
Yes. These are taxed separately.
예 각각의 세금이 있습니다.
^^ 여기까지 나머지는 각자 알아서 보셔요
10.HOW CAN WE INQUIRE THE TAXES AND DUTIES PAYABLE?
By writing and providing information about the vehicle as to the make, brand, year model, piston displacement, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) or chassis number or sending a copy of the registration to:
Valuation Center & Library
Bureau of Customs
South Harbor, Manilaand
One Stop Processing Center
North Harbor, Manila11.ARE THERE OTHER CHARGES ASIDE FROM TAXES AND DUTIES?
Yes. There are other non-customs charges that may be due on the shipment such as: storage and arrastre fees which may be collected by the privately-owned arrastre operator; by the shipping line and wharfage dues by the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA).
12.HOW IMPORTANT IS THE PRIOR IMPORT AUTHORITY (PIA)?
It is very important if the vehicle would not qualify as brand-new as herein defined. A used motor vehicle not covered by PIA shall be seized and may only be released upon payment of heavy penalties on top of the taxes and duties due thereon.
13.HOW IS PIA OBTAINED?
By submitting to BIS a duly accomplished application form which may be obtained from it and the following documents duly authenticated by the nearest Philippine Consulate abroad where the car-owner resides:
1.Proof of his continuous stay abroad for at least one (1) year;
2.Copy of the registration papers showing that the vehicle is registered in his name for at least six (6) months;
3.Proof that the car was acquired out of the earnings abroad.
14.WHERE IS THE BIS LOCATED?
The address is as follows:
Bureau of Import Services
3rd Flr., Welding Industries of the Philippines Building
349 Sen. Gil Puyat Avenue Makati City, Metro Manila
Tel. No. (632)895-7466
15.IS DEPRECIATION IN VALUE ACCORDED TO IMPORTED VEHICLES?
Yes, if the imported motor vehicle is an older model or an earlier than the current year model. The depreciation schedule is 10% per year counted downwards from current year which has a depreciation rate of zero percent (0%). Motor vehicles with a piston displacement of 2000 cc and above may be given a maximum depreciation of 50%, while those below 2000 cc, up to the maximum of 70%.
16.IS THE IMPORTATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE SUBJECT TO PRE-SHIPMENT INSPECTION (PSI) BY SGS IN THE COUNTRY OF EXPORTATION?
Under Joint-Order 1-91, individually owned motor vehicle is not subject to pre-shipment inspection by SGS. The importation thereof need not be covered by a Clean Report of Findings (CRF) issued by SGS. Non-individually-owned vehicles or those imported for commercial purposes should therefore undergo PSI and their importation should be covered by CRF.
17.HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO CLEAR MOTOR VEHICLE IMPORTATIONS FROM CUSTOMS?
Given a complete documentation, clearance for the release of the imported vehicle in the One Stop Processing Center (OSPC) takes place within forty-eight (48) hours from the filing of Customs entry.
18.ARE IMPORTATIONS OF BOATS, YACHTS AND MOTORIZED FARM IMPLEMENT ALLOWED?
Yes, subject to payment of taxes and duties.